By Shannon Sullivan Hudson
Montgomery County, Indiana holds a unique position at the Western spur of Indiana’s Underground Railroad. Indiana’s panorama supplied the entire common formations that allowed runaways traversing the kingdom to hide themselves and to stick to nature’s symptoms northward. Montgomery County boasted current footpaths, flat terrains, Sugar Creek that ran northeast to southwest, tree hollows, caves, forests, thickets, ducks flying north, moss turning out to be thicker at the north facet of the bushes, emerging and environment of the sunlight, and, in fact, the main remarkable of nature’s presents, the North big name. Abolitionists/Activists smuggled escapees in boats, carriages, stagecoaches, railroad vehicles, fake backside wagons, and skiffs whereas they concealed them in barns, haystacks, corn cribs, drainpipes, barrels, trunks, previous furnishings, coffins, and overturned canoes. Slave songs and spirituals frequently gave instructions, coded messages, and valuable feedback for these getting ready to or vacationing at the Underground Railroad.
Indiana’s Underground Railroad western spur got here up via locations like Leavenworth, Lawrenceburg, New Albany, and Evansville. reckoning on conditions (patrollers, bounty hunters, weather), conductors routed runaways northward via Vincennes, Terre Haute, Bloomingdale, Alamo, Yountsville, Crawfordsville, Garfield, Darlington, Michigan, and at last to Canada. although, those internal workings of our western direction have remained shrouded in secret. Historians have urged many purposes for this. those that did settle the following introduced their mystery strategies from the East Coast understanding the best way to disguise their events. neighborhood conductors had a better worry for his or her personal defense and the protection in their households. The Western part of the nation used to be moderately settled until eventually later within the state’s historical past. In 1824, Crawfordsville came upon itself remoted being the single city among Terre Haute and fortress Wayne. Conductors concealed or destroyed journals, or selected by no means to maintain them. the whole quantity aided to freedom, or the place they stayed in the course of their trip via this zone of the nation isn't recognized.
Specific information about how the Underground Railroad association started in Montgomery County were misplaced to time. simply because only a few particular written files exist, a few historians have labeled all neighborhood tales as Montgomery County legends. yet like several legends, the tales had proof on the center. whereas historians assumed the site visitors used to be by no means very heavy on the grounds that extra legends haven’t been advised, it will possibly have as an alternative been an issue of self-preservation with conscientiously guarded secrets and techniques. the only concrete remnants of those legends comprise proven houses resembling Crawfordsville’s pace Cabin, Alamo’s Hiram Powell domestic, and Yountsville’s Abijah O’Neall domestic, the Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Crawfordsville’s Northend, and a few letters preserved through descendants.
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Abolitionists on the Underground Railroad: Legends from Montgomery County, Indiana by Shannon Sullivan Hudson